Monastery of Sant Salvador de Breda
The Benedictine Monastery of Sant Salvador de Breda was the religious and spiritual centre of the powerful viscounty of Cabrera. Consecrated in 1038 by Guerau I of Cabrera and Ermessenda of Montsoriu, its possessions extended throughout the viscounty and it became the family pantheon of the viscounts.
The town of Breda grew around the monastery complex, which included the church, cloister, service rooms, monks’ rooms and abbot’s palace. As is to be expected, given that it operated as a monastery right up to the ecclesiastical confiscations of 1835, the original Romanesque buildings underwent significant alterations and reconstructions, some being demolished. The Church of Sant Salvador, for example, is a Gothic building constructed between the 14th and 15th centuries, while the abbot’s palace underwent a series of alterations between the 15th and 20th centuries.
However, noteworthy constructions of the Romanesque monastery have survived, such as the lovely north wing of the cloister, with sculpted capitals and columns, and, above all, the magnificent 32-metre-high bell tower with six levels of windows separated by Lombard bands, thanks to which it has come to be known as the “Cathedral of Selva”.